Comparative Politics,3rd Edition

Comparative Politics 3rd Edition

By: J. Tyler Dickovick Jonathan Eastwood
About this Book
ISBN-10: 0190854863
/ ISBN-13: 9780190086305
Edition: 3rd Edition
Format: MS Word /or PDF
Published By: Oxford University Press

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CHAPTER 1: The Comparative Approach: An Introduction

    • Asking Why: Research Questions in Comparative Politics
    • Major Questions in Comparative Politics
    • Empirical Arguments Versus Normative Arguments
    • Solving Intellectual Puzzles: A Contemporary Analogy
    • Concepts
    • Features of Good Concepts
    • Conceptualization
    • Operationalizing: From Concepts to Measures
    • Empirical Evidence
    • Facts and Evidence
    • Cases and Case Studies
    • The Comparative Method
    • Variables and Comparison
    • Most-Similar-Systems Design
    • Most-Different-Systems Design
    • Comparative Checking
    • Within-Case Comparison
    • Is the Study of Politics a Science? The Limits of the Comparative Method

CHAPTER 2: Theories, Hypotheses, and Evidence

    • Introduction to Theories, Hypotheses, and Evidence
    • Theories
    • Hypotheses
    • How Theories Emerge and Are Used
    • Types of Evidence
    • Hypothesis Testing
    • Correlation
    • Causation
    • Critiques: Using Theories and Evidence
    • Empirical Critiques: Using Deviant Cases
    • Theoretical Critiques: Improving Theories and Hypotheses
    • The Challenges of Measurement: Biases, Errors, and Validity

CHAPTER 3: The State

    • Concepts
    • The Modern State
    • State Capacity
    • Fragile States
    • The State–Society Relationship
    • Types
    • Characteristics of Modern States
    • Bureaucracy
    • Impersonality
    • Sovereignty
    • Traditional Functions of States
    • Defense
    • Policing
    • Taxation
    • Order, Administration, and “Legibility”
    • Causes and Effects: Why Did States Emerge and Expand?
    • Political or Conflict Theories
    • Economic Theories
    • Cultural Theories
    • Diffusion Theories

CHAPTER 4: Political Economy

    • Concepts
    • Inequality
    • Employment and Inflation
    • Types
    • Markets and States in Modern Economies
    • Markets and Economic Performance
    • States and Economic Performance
    • Economic Functions of Modern States
    • States and Economic Management
    • Investments in Human Capital: Education and Health
    • Infrastructure and Other Public Goods
    • Welfare State Functions
    • Causes and Effects: Why Do Welfare States Emerge?
    • Cultural Changes
    • Industrial Capitalism
    • Mobilization and Political Action
    • International Learning Effects

CHAPTER 5: Development

    • Concepts
    • Types
    • Poverty
    • Social Outcomes and Human Development
    • Gender Relations and Racial and Ethnic Identities
    • Satisfaction and Happiness
    • Cultural Development
    • Sustainability
    • Causes and Effects: Why Does Development Happen?
    • Institutions: The Market–State Debate, Revisited
    • Institutions: Beyond the Market–State Debate
    • Culture and Development
    • Civil Society, Social Capital, and Trust
    • Religion
    • Value Systems
    • Systems and Structures: Domestic and International
    • Domestic Economic Structures and Class Interests
    • International Economic Structures and Class Interests
    • Geography

CHAPTER 6: Democracy and Democratization

    • Concepts
    • Democracy and Democratic Regimes
    • Procedural (Minimal) Definitions of Democracy
    • Substantive Definitions of Democracy
    • Regime Change and Democratization
    • Types
    • Types of Democracy
    • Representative Democracy
    • Direct Democracy
    • Types of Democratization
    • Democratic Transitions
    • Democratic Consolidation
    • Causes and Effects: What Causes Democratization?
    • Modernization
    • Culture and Democracy
    • The International System
    • Domestic Institutions
    • Agents and Actors: The Role of Individuals and Groups
    • Combining Arguments and Theories: Multiple Causes

CHAPTER 7: Authoritarian Regimes and Democratic Breakdown

    • Concepts
    • Authoritarianism and Authoritarian Regimes
    • Transitions to Authoritarian Regimes
    • Types
    • Types of Authoritarianism
    • Totalitarian Regimes
    • Theocracies
    • Personalistic Dictatorships
    • Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Regimes
    • Hybrid and Semi-authoritarian Regimes
    • Types of Transition (or Nontransition) to Authoritarianism
    • Authoritarian Persistence
    • Democratic Breakdown
    • Transition to Hybrid or Semi-authoritarian Regime
    • Causes and Effects: What Causes Authoritarian Regimes to Emerge and Persist?
    • Historical Institutionalist Theories
    • Poverty and Inequality
    • State Weakness and Failure
    • Political Culture Theories of Authoritarian Persistence
    • Barriers to Collective Action
    • Special Causal Circumstances Surrounding Hybrid and Semi-authoritarian Regimes

CHAPTER 8: Constitutions and Constitutional Design

    • Concepts
    • Constitutions
    • Constitutional Design
    • Types
    • Flexible and Rigid Constitutions
    • Separation of Powers: Judicial Review and Parliamentary Sovereignty
    • Federalism and Unitarism
    • Federalism
    • Unitarism
    • Authoritarian and Democratic Constitutions
    • Causes and Effects: What Are the Effects of Federal and Unitary Constitutions?
    • What Constitutional Designs Support Social Stability?
    • What Constitutional Designs Support Democratic Rights?
    • What Constitutional Designs Support the Economy?
    • Judicial Review and Democracy

CHAPTER 9: Legislatures and Legislative Elections

    • Concepts
    • What Legislatures Are
    • What Legislatures Do
    • Types
    • Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures
    • Electoral Systems
    • District Systems
    • Proportional Representation (PR)
    • Mixed or Hybrid
    • Executive–Legislative Relations
    • Causes and Effects: What Explains Patterns of Representation?
    • Patterns of Representation
    • Electoral Systems and Representation
    • Legislative Decision Making and Representation
    • Executive–Legislative Relations and Representation

CHAPTER 10: Executives

    • Concepts
    • Types
    • Executive Structures: Presidential and Parliamentary
    • Formal Powers
    • Partisan Powers
    • Coalitions
    • Informal Powers
    • Causes and Effects: What Explains Executive Stability?
    • Stable and Unstable Regimes: Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy
    • Stable and Unstable Executives: Styles of Presidential Rule
    • Stable and Unstable Executives: Patterns of Parliamentary Rule

CHAPTER 11: Political Parties, Party Systems, and Interest Groups

    • Concepts
    • Political Parties
    • Party Systems
    • Interest Groups
    • Types
    • Political Parties: Elite, Mass, and Catch-All Parties
    • Party Systems: Dominant-Party, Two-Party, and Multiparty Systems
    • Interest Groups: Pluralism and Corporatism
    • Causes and Effects: Why Do Party Systems Emerge, and What Effects Do They Have?
    • Party Systems and Representation
    • What Factors Shape Party Systems?
    • How Do Party Systems Shape Political Outcomes?
    • Interest Groups and Representation

CHAPTER 12: Revolutions and Contention

    • Concepts
    • What Is “Contention”?
    • Revolutionary and Non-Revolutionary Contention
    • Types
    • Social Movements
    • Revolutions
    • Insurgencies and Civil Wars
    • Terrorism
    • “Everyday Resistance”
    • Thinking About Contention: Summary
    • Causes and Effects: Why Do Revolutions Happen?
    • Relative Deprivation
    • Resource Mobilization and Political Opportunities
    • Rational Choice
    • Culture or “Framing” Explanations

CHAPTER 13: Nationalism and National Identity

    • Concepts
    • Identity
    • Nationalism, National Identity, and the Nation
    • Types
    • Types of Nationalism
    • Civic and Ethnic Nationalism
    • Jus Sanguinis and Jus Soli
    • Limits of Typologies in the Study of National Identity
    • Causes and Effects: What Causes Ethno-National Conflict?
    • Primordial Bonds
    • Cultural Boundaries
    • Material Interests
    • Rational Calculation
    • Social Psychology

CHAPTER 14: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender

    • Concepts
    • Race and Ethnicity
    • Gender
    • Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
    • Types
    • Disentangling Race and Ethnicity
    • Discrimination Based on Race and Ethnicity
    • Gender Discrimination
    • Empowerment of Women and Minority Groups
    • Causes and Effects: What Factors Influence the Political Representation of Women and Minority Groups?
    • Social Movement Mobilization
    • Political Parties Based on Gender or Ethnicity
    • Institutions for Promoting Women’s and Minority Group Representation

CHAPTER 15: Ideology and Religion in Modern Politics

    • Concepts
    • Modernity and Modernization
    • Ideology
    • Religion
    • Secularization, Religion, and Modern Politics
    • Religious Conflict
    • Types
    • Modern Ideologies
    • Liberalism
    • Fascism
    • Socialism
    • Modern Forms of Religion in Politics
    • Lay and Religious States
    • Denominationalism
    • Causes and Effects: Why Does Ideology Remain Prevalent in Modern Politics?
    • Why Didn’t Ideology (and History) End?

CHAPTER 16: Comparative Politics and International Relations

    • Concepts
    • Issues
    • Globalization and Trade
    • International Institutions and Integration
    • Immigration
    • Environment and Sustainability
    • Transnational Networks
    • Nuclear Threats and Terrorism
    • Causes and Effects: What Are the Main Causes in International Relations?
    • Realism
    • Liberalism
    • Constructivism
    • Marxism

Brazil

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • Does the Global Economy Help or Hurt Developing Nations like Brazil? (Chapter 5)
    • Democratic Consolidation in Brazil (Chapter 6)
    • Electoral Rules and Party (In)Discipline in Brazil’s Legislature (Chapter 9)
    • Brazil’s Landless Movement (Chapter 12)
    • Gender and Political Representation in Brazil: Where Has Progress Come From? (Chapter 14)

China

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • How Did China Become an Economic Power? (Chapter 5)
    • Is China Destined for Democracy? (Chapter 6)
    • Who Governs China? (Chapter 10)
    • The Chinese Party System (Chapter 11)
    • The Chinese Revolution (Chapter 12)

France

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • The State in France (Chapter 3)
    • Authoritarian Persistence in Nineteenth-Century France (Chapter 7)
    • Electing the French President: What Do Runoffs Do? (Chapter 10)
    • The French Revolution (Chapter 12)
    • Religion and Secularism in France (Chapter 15)
    • Globalization and Culture in France (Chapter 16)

Germany

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • The German State: Unification and Welfare (Chapter 4)
    • Democracy and Authoritarianism in Germany (Chapter 7)
    • Institutional Design: Germany’s Bundestag and Bundesrat (Chapter 9)
    • Consensus-Based Politics in Germany (Chapter 11)
    • Ethnic Boundaries of the German Nation? (Chapter 13)

India

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • What Explains India’s Recent Growth? (Chapter 5)
    • Democracy’s Success in India: What Can We Learn from a “Deviant Case”? (Chapter 6)
    • Federalism and Differences in Development in India (Chapter 8)
    • Ethnicity and Political Parties in India (Chapter 14)
    • India in the Twenty-First Century: Domestic Politics, Identity, and Security (Chapter 16)

Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran)

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • Democratic Features of Authoritarian Systems? The Case of Iran (Chapter 7)
    • Constitutional Design: Theocracy in Iran (Chapter 8)
    • Iran’s Islamic Revolution and “Green Revolution”? (Chapter 12)
    • Gender in Post-Revolutionary Iranian Politics (Chapter 14)
    • Religion and Politics in Iran (Chapter 15)
    • Iran and the Politics of Nuclear Proliferation (Chapter 16)

Japan

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • State-Led Development in Japan (Chapter 4)
    • The Hybrid Electoral System of the Japanese Diet (Chapter 9)
    • How Has Japan’s Dominant Party Won for So Long? (Chapter 11)
    • Importing National Identity in Japan? (Chapter 13)
    • Gender Empowerment in Japan? (Chapter 14)
    • Resource Management in Japan (Chapter 16)

Mexico

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • The Mexican State and Rule of Law (Chapter 3)
    • Mexico’s “Perfect Dictatorship” and Its End (Chapter 7)
    • The PRI and Corporatism in Mexico (Chapter 11)
    • Industrialization, Modernity, and National Identity in Mexico (Chapter 13)
    • Why Aren’t There Major Ethnic Parties in Mexico? (Chapter 14)

Nigeria

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • What Is a Weak State, and Can It Be Changed? The Case of Nigeria (Chapter 3)
    • Why Are Natural Resources Sometimes a Curse? The Nigerian Case (Chapter 5)
    • Federalism and the States in Nigeria: Holding Together or Tearing Apart? (Chapter 8)
    • The Presidency in Nigeria: Powers and Limitations (Chapter 10)
    • The Nigerian Civil War or Biafran War: Nationalism and Ethno-National Conflict in a Post-colonial Society (Chapter 13)
    • Religious Difference and Conflict in Nigeria: Disentangling Ethnicity and Religion? (Chapter 15)

Russia (Russian Federation)

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • Oligarchy, Democracy, and Authoritarianism in Russia (Chapter 7)
    • Executives in Russia: Formal and Informal Powers (Chapter 10)
    • Personalism and the Party System in Russia (Chapter 11)
    • The Russian Revolution (Chapter 12)
    • Communist Ideology in Practice: Russia and the Soviet Union (Chapter 15)

United Kingdom

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • The State in the United Kingdom (Chapter 3)
    • Political Economy of Britain (Chapter 4)
    • No Constitution? No Supreme Court? Constitutionality in the United Kingdom (Chapter 8)
    • The Mother of Parliaments: The United Kingdom and the Westminster Model (Chapter 9)
    • National Identity in the United Kingdom (Chapter 13)
    • Liberal Ideology in the United Kingdom (Chapter 15)

United States

    • PROFILE
    • Introduction
    • Historical Development
    • Regime and Political Institutions
    • Political Culture
    • Political Economy
    • CASES STUDIES
    • Did Free Markets Help the United States Get Rich? Will They in the Future? (Chapter 4)
    • Is American Democracy in Trouble? (Chapter 6)
    • Is Judicial Activism in the United States a Problem? (Chapter 8)
    • The United States Congress: Dysfunctional or Functioning by Design? (Chapter 9)
    • “The Most Powerful Person in the World”? Checks on American Presidents (Chapter 10)
    • The United States and the World: A Love–Hate Relationship? (Chapter 16)

Notes

Glossary

References and Further Reading

Credits

Index

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